Most societies in this rapidly growing world have healthy sex ratio i.e. there are almost equal number of of girls and boys in 0-6 age group.
We Indians, who pray to many female deities and still give preference to deep rooted traditions of male child.
If we look at the graph of Child sex ratio( CSR ), it is on the decline since 1991 and current situation is worst i.e. 945 girls per 1000 boys in 1991, it went down to 927 girls per 1000 boys in 2001 and now 918 in 2011.
As per the census, 2011 the CSR there are 918 girls per 1000 boys. Taking a look over state wise details, Arunachal Pradesh is on the top of the list with 972 girls per 1000 boys, it replaced Dadra Nagar Haveli that was 979 girls per 1000 boys in 2001.
While Haryana secured the last rank with 834 girls per 1000 boys but Haryana recorded a rise from 819 in 2001 to 834 in 2011 replacing Punjab which was 902 girls per 1000 boys in 200. This year Punjab gave a better rise from 798 to 846. Uttar Pradesh saw its CSR coming down from 916 in 2001 to 902 in 2011.
If the CSR across religion is concerned, Sikhs recorded a tremendous rise, as sex ratio climbed from 786 to 828 girls per 1000 boys and Jains recorded a rise from 870 to 889 girls per 1000 boys but they are still the worst.
While Hindus who make up 80% of population of country saw their CSR coming down from 925 to 913 girls per 1000 boys between 2001 to 2011 whereas Muslim community also saw a decline in the graph from 950 to 943. Christians have again topped the record with 964 in 2001 to 958 in 2011. Muslims comes on second and Budh’s stand third in the list with 933.
Sex ratio figures continued to display good trend in rural areas which is 923 compared to urban areas which is 905 girls per 1000 boys.
In “Mann ki baat”, Prime minister of India discussed the issue of declination in CSR and the reasons why it is a matter of concern whereas the efforts of government , civil society organisations, NGOs , media have not given the desired results.
The government have to take meaningful steps for awareness campaigns and ministry of health and family should make strict rules for PNDT act and violation of act should be imprisonment.
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